While the feeling of dry eyes, for many, is not a regular occurrence, it is a chronic condition for some and can cause permanent damage to the eye if not properly diagnosed and treated by an eye health practitioner. The following will discuss some dry eye symptoms and treatment that can help alleviate the discomfort.
In order to understand dry eye symptoms and treatment, a basic understanding of the underlying cause is essential. As you are likely aware, tears are the natural lubricants for your eyes. They are a complex mixture of oils, water and mucous that stop your eyes from drying out and help bathe away small particles that may irritate the eyes.
According to the National Eye Institute, chronic dry eye occurs when the eyes are not producing enough of the watery portion or tears, or not enough of the oils that keep tears from evaporating too quickly. Since the health the outer layer that covers the colored part of your eye (cornea) depends on keeping your eyes properly lubricated, chronic dry eye can cause permanent damage and potentially affect your vision. The following are some symptoms you may experience:
- — Burning or stinging in your eyes
- — A constant gritty feeling
- — Pain and redness of the eye and possibly a string-like discharge
- — Lack of tears when crying
- — Eye fatigue and lower tolerance for reading, computer work, etc
Causes and symptoms of dry eye and treatment vary so greatly that it is vital to have a comprehensive eye exam so your eye doctor can prescribe an appropriate course of action. In the meantime you can get some relief from tear replacements from your pharmacy, protecting your eyes from sun and windy conditions and allowing your eyes to rest frequently when performing detailed tasks.